# JavaScript - Calculating a number's percentage value tutorial

Here's how to find the percentage of a number using JavaScript

Posted on April 30, 2021

The JavaScript `Math` object doesn’t have any built-in method to calculate the percentage of a number, so if you want to find out the percentage of a specific number, you need to create your own custom function.

For example, the code below will find what 20% of 250 is using the `calcPercent()` function:

``````const percentVal = calcPercent(250, 20);
console.log(percentVal); // 50
``````

To write the `calcPercent()` code, we need to first understand the formula to calculate the percentage number.

To find 20% of 250, you need to divide `20` by 100 and then multiply it by `250`:

``````const num = 250;
const percentage = 20;
const percentVal = 250 * (20 / 100);
console.log(percentVal); // 50
``````

Now that you know the formula for calculating percentages, you can extract the code as a helper function:

``````function calcPercent(num, percentage){
return num * (percentage / 100);
}
``````

Now you can call the helper function `calcPercent()` anytime you need to calculate a number’s percentage value:

``````function calcPercent(num, percentage){
return num * (percentage / 100);
}

let percentVal = calcPercent(250, 20);
console.log(percentVal); // 50
percentVal = calcPercent(210, 10);
console.log(percentVal); // 21
``````

## Rounding the result to 2 decimals

Sometimes, a percentage calculation may return a floating number as follows:

``````const percentVal = calcPercent(20, 3.33);
console.log(percentVal); // 0.666
``````

If you need to round the number to 2 decimals, then you can use a combination of `toFixed()` and `parseFloat()` methods to return the number in 2-decimal format.

Here’s the full function code:

``````function calcPercent(num, percentage){
const result = num * (percentage / 100);
return parseFloat(result.toFixed(2));
}

const percentVal = calcPercent(20, 3.33);
console.log(percentVal); // 0.67
``````

Instead of returning `0.666`, the function will return `0.67` because it rounds the decimal numbers to a maximum length of two.

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