A **prime number** is a number that’s only divisible by two numbers: one and itself. Some examples of prime numbers are 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, and 13.

This tutorial will help you to write a JavaScript program that can find prime number(s) from an array. But first, let’s write a function to find out if a number is a prime number.

## Writing a function to check for a prime number

To find prime numbers using a JavaScript program, you can use a combination of the `for`

loop and the conditional `if..else`

statement.

First, create a function that accepts a `number`

to check whether it’s a prime number or not. Let’s call this function `checkPrime()`

:

```
function checkPrime(number) {}
```

Then, create an `if`

block to check if the number value equals to `1`

or lower. Return `false`

if it is because 0, 1, and negative numbers are not prime numbers.

```
function checkPrime(number) {
if (number <= 1) {
return false;
}
}
```

Next, create an `else`

block and initiate the `for`

loop inside it. The for loop will be initialized from the number `2`

and will continue to iterate until it’s equal to the `number`

value:

```
function checkPrime(number) {
if (number <= 1) {
return false;
} else {
for (let i = 2; i < number; i++) {
// TODO: write the code to check for prime numbers
}
}
}
```

Inside the `for`

loop, create another `if`

block that checks whether the `number`

value is divisible by the value of `i`

and return `false`

if it is. This is because the `number`

must not be divisible by any other number except one and itself:

```
function checkPrime(number) {
if (number <= 1) {
return false;
} else {
for (let i = 2; i < number; i++) {
if (number % i == 0) {
return false;
}
}
}
}
```

The `return`

keyword will stop the `function`

execution and send the value `false`

to the caller. You can store this value in a variable as follows:

```
const isPrime = checkPrime(9);
console.log(isPrime); // false
```

Finally, return `true`

just below the `for`

block that you’ve created to let the caller know that the `number`

is a prime number:

```
for (let i = 2; i < number; i++) {
if (number % i == 0) {
return false;
}
}
return true;
```

This is because if the `for`

loop finished without returning `false`

, it means the `number`

value can’t be divided by any number between 1 and itself. In other words, it’s a prime number.

This is why you should return `true`

to let the function caller know that the number is a prime number.

Here’s the complete source code for you to inspect:

```
function checkPrime(number) {
if (number <= 1) {
return false;
} else {
for (let i = 2; i < number; i++) {
if (number % i == 0) {
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
}
```

Your `checkPrime()`

function is now done. You can test the code by calling the function multiple times with different numbers:

```
let isPrime;
isPrime = checkPrime(3);
console.log(isPrime); // true
isPrime = checkPrime(12);
console.log(isPrime); // false
isPrime = checkPrime(50);
console.log(isPrime); // false
isPrime = checkPrime(23);
console.log(isPrime); // true
isPrime = checkPrime(0);
console.log(isPrime); // false
```

## Finding prime number(s) from an array of numbers

Now that you have a working `checkPrime()`

function, you can check if a number is a prime or not from an array of numbers as follows:

```
let arr = [3, 12, 50, 23, 0];
```

To check the numbers inside the `arr`

array above, you need to iterate through the array using the `forEach()`

method, then call the `checkPrime()`

function for each `element`

passed from the `callback`

function as in the code below:

```
arr.forEach(function (element) {
const isPrime = checkPrime(element);
if (isPrime) {
console.log(`${element} is a prime number`);
} else {
console.log(`${element} is NOT a prime number`);
}
});
```

And that’s how you can find prime numbers from an array of numbers. Feel free to use the code as you require it 😉

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