JavaScript continue keyword explained

Posted on May 05, 2021

The continue keyword in JavaScript and its uses


The continue keyword in JavaScript is used to skip an iteration once. It’s commonly used inside a for or while loop when a specific condition is met.

For example, the following code will skip the iteration once when the value of i variable is 2:

for (let i = 0; i <= 5; i++) {
  if (i === 2) {
    console.log("continue");
    continue;
  }
  console.log(`The current number is: ${i}`);
}

The output from the code above will be as shown below:

The current number is: 0
The current number is: 1
continue
The current number is: 3
The current number is: 4
The current number is: 5

The number 2 is not logged to the console because it got skipped with continue.

When using the continue keyword with a while loop, you need to make sure that the variable you used to count the loop is incremented before the continue statement is executed. The following code example will cause infinite loop because the variable i won’t be incremented anymore once the value is equal to 2:

let i = 0;
while (i <= 5) {
  if (i === 2) {
    continue;
  }
  console.log(`The current number is: ${i}`);
  i += 1;
}

You need to move the incrementing expression i += 1 above the if condition:

let i = 0;
while (i <= 5) {
  i += 1;
  if (i === 2) {
    continue;
  }
  console.log(`The current number is: ${i}`);
}

This way, the counting variable will still be incremented after the continue statement has been executed.

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