Android Studio - how to resolve this view is not constrained error

Whenever you add an Android View into a ConstraintLayout view group, you might see an error message given by Android Studio saying This view is not constrained as shown below:

This view is not constrained. 
It only has designtime positions, so it will jump to (0,0) 
at runtime unless you add the constraints

This is because a ConstraintLayout requires any child View inside the layout to have at least one horizontal and one vertical constraint for the View.

In the screenshot below, the Button view added to the layout is causing the error.

You can click the image to make it bigger:

To resolve this error, you need to add constraints to the Button view that fulfills the minimum requirement of the ConstraintLayout view.

You can do this in two ways:

  • Using the Infer Constraints option from the Design window’s toolbar
  • Using the Constrain option from the View’s context menu

The Infer Constraints Infer Constraints icon option is used to let Android Studio scan the layout and determine the most effective set of constraints for all views.

You can click the button from the Design window toolbar as shown below:

The option will affect all views that have no constrain in your current layout.

In older Android Studio versions (version 2 and below) the Infer Constraints option can be accessed on the context menu of your views.

Right-click on the View that has the error message and select Infer Constraints as shown below:

Besides the Infer Constraints option, you can also use the Constrain option to add constraints to the View object.

Add constraints with the Constrains option

The Constrain option allows you to manually add a constraint angle to your View object.

You need to right-click the View that has the error message as shown below:

There are four constrains you can add to the View:

  • parent top and parent bottom adds a vertical constraint to the View
  • parent start and parent end adds a horizontal constraint to the View

You only need to add one of each angle to resolve the error.

In the screenshot below, parent start and parent bottom constraints are added to the Button view:

With that, the error message should disappear from your View object.

And that’s how you resolve This view is not constrained error when developing Android applications. 👍

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